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Books

Book with a Single Author
APA Fleming, T. (1997). Liberty!: The American Revolution. New York: Viking. Important Elements:
  • Author or editor
  • Title of the book
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Date of publication

Note: Spacing is important. Some citations appear identical but differ in slight ways, like spacing. For example, compare Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. Consult individual guides for exact spacing.

Chicago Fleming, Thomas. Liberty!: The American Revolution. New York: Viking, 1997. (Documentation One)

Fleming, Thomas. 1997. Liberty!: The American Revolution.
New York: Viking. (Documentation Two)

MLA Fleming, Thomas. Liberty!: The American Revolution. New York: Viking, 1997.
>Turabian

 

Fleming, Thomas. Liberty!: The American Revolution. New York: Viking, 1997.

Book with two authors
APA Sennett, R., & Cobb, J. (1972). The hidden injuries of class. New York: Vintage Books.

Important Elements:

  • Authors or editors
  • Title of the book
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Date of publication

Note: Spacing is important. Some citations appear identical but differ in slight ways, like spacing. For example, compare Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. Consult individual guides for exact spacing.

Chicago Sennett, Richard, and Jonathan Cobb. The Hidden Injuries of
Class
. New York: Vintage Books, 1972. (Documentation One)

Sennett, Richard, and Jonathan Cobb. 1972. The Hidden Injuries of Class. New York: Vintage Books. (Documentation Two; Note: In Documentation Two, the author's given name can be abbreviated, but the University of Chicago Press advises the practice of providing the full given name).

MLA Sennett, Richard, and Jonathan Cobb. The Hidden Injuries of Class. New York: Vintage Books, 1972.
Turabian Sennett, Richard, and Jonathan Cobb. The Hidden Injuries of Class. New York: Vintage Books, 1972.

Book with three or more authors
APA Schwartz, D., Ryan, S., & Wostbrock, F. (1995). The encyclopedia of TV game shows. New York: Facts on File. Important Elements:
  • Authors or editors
  • Title of the book
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Date of publication

Note: Spacing is important. Some citations appear identical but differ in slight ways, like spacing. For example, compare Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. Consult individual guides for exact spacing.

Chicago Schwartz, David, Steve Ryan and Fred Wostbrock.1995. The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows. New York: Facts on File.(Documentation One)

Schwartz, David, Steve Ryan and Fred Wostbrock. The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows. New York: Facts on File, 1995.
(Documentation Two; Note: In Documentation Two, the author's given name can be abbreviated, but the University of Chicago Press advises the practice of providing the full given name).

MLA Schwartz, David, Steve Ryan, and Fred Wostbrock. The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

 

Turabian Schwartz, David, Steve Ryan and Fred Wostbrock. The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

 


Electronic Book
APA Norman, R. (1998). The moral philosophers. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved August 14, 2001, from Duke University, Duke University Libraries, netLibrary
Web site: http://www.netlibrary.com
Important Elements:
  • Author or editor
  • Title of the book
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication (if appropriate)
  • Date of publication (if appropriate
  • Address of the site
  • Date you accessed the site

Note: Spacing is important. Some citations appear identical but differ in slight ways, like spacing. For example, compare Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. Consult individual guides for exact spacing.

Chicago

No examples given in latest edition.

MLA Norman, Richard. The Moral Philosophers. New York: Oxford UP, 1998. Duke University Libraries, Durham, NC.
14 Aug. 2001 <http://www.netlibrary.com>.
Turabian Norman, Richard. The Moral Philosophers. New York: Oxford> University Press, 1998. Book on-line. Available fromnetLibrary, http://www.netlibrary.com. Accessed 14 August 2001.

Article within a book
APA Cassel, J., & Zambella, B. (1996). Without a net: Supporting ourselves in a tremulous atmosphere. In T. W. Leonhardt (Ed.), "LOEX" of the West: Teaching and learning in a climate of constant change (pp. 75-92). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc. Important Elements:
  • Author or editor of the book
  • Author of the article
  • Title of the book
  • Title of the article
  • Publisher of the book
  • Place of book publication
  • Date of book publication
  • Page numbers for the article

Note: Spacing is important. For example, compare Chicago, MLA, and Turabian.Consult individual guides for exact spacing.

Chicago Cassel, Jeris, and BethAnn Zambella. "Without a Net: Supporting Ourselves in a Tremulous Atmosphere." In "LOEX" of the West: Teaching and Learning in a Climage of Constant Change, (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc., 1996), 75-92 .
(Documentation One)

Cassel, Jeris, and BethAnn Zambella. 1996. Without a net: Supporting ourselves in a tremulous atmosphere. In "LOEX" of the West: Teaching and learning in a climate of constant change, edited by Thomas W. Leonhardt. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc. (Documentation Two)

MLA

 

Cassel, Jeris, and BethAnn Zambella. "Without a Net: Supporting Ourselves in a Tremulous Atmosphere." "LOEX" of the West: Teaching and Learning in a Climate of Constant Change. Ed.
Thomas W. Leonhardt. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1996. 75-92.

 

Turabian Cassel, Jeris, and BethAnn Zambella. "Without a Net: Supporting Ourselves in a Tremulous Atmosphere." In "LOEX" of the West: Teaching and Learning in a Climate of Constant Change, ed.
Thomas W. Leonhardt, 75-92. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc., 1996.

 

Encyclopedias and other multi-volume works
APA Lumiansky, R.M. (1998). Chaucer. In The new encyclopaedia Britannica ( Vol. 15, pp. 745-748). Chicago: Encyclopaedia
Britannica.
Important Elements:
  • Author (if indicated)
  • Title of article (if indicated)
  • Title of encyclopedia
  • Volume number
  • Page numbers
  • Place of publication (if needed)
  • Date of publication

Note: Spacing is important. Some citations appear identical but differ in slight ways, like spacing. For example, compare Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. Consult individual guides for exact spacing.

Chicago "Well-known reference books are usually not listed in bibliographies."

See The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th ed., p. 594, 15.293

MLA Lumiansky, R.M. "Chaucer." The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia. 15th ed. 1998.
Turabian "Well-known reference books are generally not listed in bibliographies."

See A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Disserations, 6th ed., p. 204, 11.42-11.43

Special thanks to Kelley A. Lawton and Laura Cousineau at the Duke University Libraries and Van E. Hillard at the Duke University Writing Program for permission to copy and adapt these citation pages.

  
 

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